On appeal from The First Judicial District Court for the Parish of Caddo, Louisiana ">

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Date: 04-30-2022

Case Style:

State of Louisiana v. Laquanisha Leroycia McCoy

Case Number: 54,193-KA

Judge: Jeff Cox



On appeal from The First Judicial District Court for the Parish of Caddo, Louisiana

Plaintiff's Attorney: JAMES E. STEWART, SR.
District Attorney

Assistant District Attorneys

Defendant's Attorney:

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Shreveport LA - Criminal Defense lawyer represented defendant with arguing that her sentence is unconstitutionally excessive.

In March of 2017, Santa Maria Produce (“Santa Maria”), a wholesale
grocery distribution company, hired McCoy as a general office clerk.
McCoy was responsible for assisting in office sales, which included taking
customer orders and taking payments to generate order slips and invoices, in
addition to general clerical tasks, including answering phone calls and filing
paperwork. Thereafter, McCoy was also responsible for processing sales
through batching credit card transactions.
On June 12, 2018, McCoy gave notice that she planned to terminate
her employment. That same day, Charlotte Baker (“Baker”), an employee
from Heartland Payment System,1
the payment processor for Santa Maria,
contacted Joseph Glorioso, one of the managers of Santa Maria. She
informed him that their system flagged multiple thousand-dollar fraudulent
and unverified refunds transferred from Santa Maria’s account. On June 19,
2018, after Heartland confirmed that the credit card used and the account to
which the money was transferred belonged to McCoy, Joseph Glorioso fired

1 Heartland is a payment processing company that facilitates payments from
individual banks to merchants.
her and contacted Sergeant Jared Woods (“Sgt. Woods”), a detective for the
Financial Crimes Task Force within the Shreveport Police Department
(“SPD”), to investigate the incident.
After confirming that the credit card and bank account belonged to
McCoy, Sgt. Woods interviewed McCoy a few weeks later. During the
interview, McCoy presented Sgt. Woods with a cashier’s check for
$32,356.52 and a handwritten log she claimed detailed her work schedule
and overtime hours. McCoy explained that she was overpaid for her
accumulated overtime hours and wanted to return the excess payments.
After further investigation with Heartland, Sgt. Woods issued an arrest
warrant against McCoy for felony theft in violation of La. R.S. 14:67.
McCoy was subsequently charged by bill of information, arrested, and
released on bond.
On November 30, 2020, the three-day trial commenced, wherein the
following witnesses testified at trial: Santa Maria owners, Joseph, Josephine,
and Vincent Glorioso;2 Baker; Sgt. Woods; Santa Maria employees Nina
Glorioso, Greg Gander (“Gander”), Karen Maxwell (“Maxwell”), Megan
Tilley (“Tilley”), and Christopher Mandigo (“Mandigo”); and finally,
McCoy testified on her own behalf.
First, Joseph Glorioso testified that as vice president of the company,
he was responsible for the daily operations of the business, including sales,
purchasing, and food safety. He stated that in March 2017, McCoy was
hired as a full-time office employee and was initially responsible for
customer relations, sales, data input, filing, taking payments, and later,

2 To avoid confusion, Joseph, Josephine, and Vincent Glorioso are referred to by
their first names throughout different sections of this opinion.
batching credit card payments. Mr. Glorioso explained that when credit
payments were batched, their credit card processor, Heartland, would
confirm the authenticity of each credit card transaction and transfer all
verified funds into Santa Maria’s bank account. He stated that on June 12,
2018, he received a call from Baker, informing him that approximately eight
fraudulent transactions, totaling $78,933.02, were refunded from Santa
Maria’s account into McCoy’s account.
Joseph stated that while McCoy, like other authorized personnel,
would have had access to the credit terminal,3 where payments were taken,
and been privy to the amount of money processed into Santa Maria’s bank
account, she would not have been promised additional money or authorized
to transfer any amount of those funds into her personal bank account. He
testified that McCoy could not have earned that amount of money as she was
only paid $10.60 an hour and paid on a biweekly basis.4
Josephine Glorioso, president of the company, explained that although
she only worked with McCoy in the office on a few occasions, neither she
nor any other employee would have promised McCoy any portion of the
$78,933.02 refunded from Santa Maria’s account.
Vincent Glorioso testified that as warehouse manager, he primarily
oversaw the daily operations of the warehouse facility.5
He stated that he

3 Customers made payments for orders either by cash, check, or credit card.
Credit card transactions were processed at a credit terminal located on a back wall in the
office area.
It was later discussed at trial that McCoy worked approximately 40 hours a week
and received a 60-cent per hour raise, for a total of $10.60 an hour. It was calculated that
she would have earned approximately $21,000 yearly.
5 Although he primarily works in the warehouse, Vincent testified that he would
occasionally work in the office starting at 4:30 a.m. or 5:00 a.m., taking any orders left on
the voicemail and inserting orders until warehouse employees arrived.
would personally give tips to warehouse employees on some Saturdays as he
saw fit, with tips ranging from $20 to $100 dollars. He explained that this
gratuity was exclusively reserved for warehouse employees and that he
never extended this offer to McCoy or any other office employee, regardless
of how long they were employed with the company. Mr. Glorioso stated
that he never asked McCoy to work unrecorded overtime hours in exchange
for additional pay and tips. He denied that McCoy ever showed him a log of
overtime hours or that he approved and deposited any money into McCoy’s
bank account.
Baker testified that she was a member of Heartland’s risk
management section for fraud detection. She explained that Heartland’s
fraud monitoring system flags certain transactions such as refunds or forced
transactions as fraudulent until verified otherwise. She stated that on June
12, 2018, she detected a fraud alert on Santa Maria’s account and
immediately contacted one of the owners, informing him that she detected
eight separate refunds to a single credit card without having a positive sale
attached to it.6
She then confirmed that the credit card and bank account
associated with the refunds belonged to McCoy. Baker stated that based on
the type of credit terminal used at Santa Maria, all credit transactions were
either manually keyed in, physically swiped, or chipped. Based on the
information provided in the monitoring system, Baker then testified that
each of the eight transactions was physically swiped by someone possessing
the credit card in question.

6 Baker explained that this meant that while a refund was issued to the credit card,
there was no prior transaction confirming that a sale occurred to authorize the refund
Sgt. Woods then testified that he was the lead investigator for this
case. He stated that during his investigation, he discovered that from April
2018 until June 2018, several multiple thousand-dollar transactions were
refunded from Santa Maria’s account into McCoy’s bank account using her
credit card. He stated that after he confirmed this information with
Heartland, he immediately contacted McCoy, who agreed to speak with him.
Instead, two different attorneys contacted him, claiming to represent McCoy.
Sgt. Woods stated that on July 2, 2018, a few weeks after he initially spoke
with McCoy, she finally came to his office for an interview.
Sgt. Woods stated that during the interview, McCoy presented him
with a cashier’s check for $32,356.52 and a handwritten log that she claimed
detailed her overtime hours and schedule. McCoy admitted to Sgt. Woods
that the money was deposited into her account, but explained that she earned
a portion of the money through overtime hours Vincent Glorioso allowed her
to work. She stated that through overtime hours, she earned approximately
and the remaining $32,356.52 was accidentally deposited into
her account.
Next, several Santa Maria employees testified. Nina Glorioso,8 who
was in charge of payroll for Santa Maria, reviewed McCoy’s work schedule.
She stated that in 2017, McCoy had a fairly regular work shift, working
either slightly before or after 9:00 a.m., until 5:00 p.m. or 6:00 p.m., earning
approximately $18,241.26 for the year. Ms. Glorioso testified that in 2018,

7 Based on McCoy’s handwritten log of her alleged overtime hours, Sgt. Woods
explained that of the $46,576.38 McCoy claimed was owed to her, $22,726.38 was due
for overtime, and $23,859 was due for tips earned.
8 Nina Glorioso testified that she is married to Joseph Glorioso. She stated that
she primarily worked for the company from home, preparing the payroll and ledger.
McCoy’s schedule remained relatively the same, but noted that McCoy
earned approximately 20 hours of overtime for some pay periods and earned
$13,825.84 for that year.
Gander, the quality assurance manager, explained that from 2017 to
2018, Santa Maria had two separate work shifts: morning shifts from 5:00
a.m. or 5:30 a.m. and night or evening shifts from 1:00 p.m. until 8:00 p.m.
Because the shifts were divided, office personnel were never present when
warehouse employees finished evening shifts; therefore, McCoy could not
have worked late.9
Gander stated that, to his knowledge, McCoy was only
paid through her regular paycheck.
Tilley and Maxwell, former office employees who worked with
McCoy, testified that McCoy worked regular shifts with little to no
overtime. Maxwell testified that it was unlikely that McCoy accumulated a
mass amount of overtime because management restricted the number of
overtime hours any employee could earn. Tilley testified that she rarely
earned overtime and that office staff was never asked to work late or
afforded an opportunity to receive tips.
Mandigo, a warehouse employee, testified that from 2017 to 2018, he
worked from 5:00 a.m. or 6:00 a.m. until 2:30 p.m. or 3:00 p.m. He stated
that while he never saw McCoy when he arrived to work, he would see her
when he left; however, he never knew McCoy to work extra hours either in
the morning or evening. Mandigo further explained that McCoy would not
have ever received tips because she was not a warehouse employee.

9 Gander stated that he could only recall a few instances in which McCoy arrived
to work before him and that only on one occasion did she ever leave work after he did.
Finally, McCoy testified that when she was hired in 2017, she was
never given a clear work schedule. With respect to her duties as an office
clerk, McCoy testified that she was only instructed to be flexible. She stated
that she was later responsible for general office duties, including answering
calls, placing orders, filing, and taking payments.10
McCoy stated that as
office staff left, she filled in for those vacancies by batching credit card
transactions, printing labels for invoices, assisting with shipping and
inventory, and running orders to the warehouse. McCoy stated that in order
to finish her work, she had to work overtime almost every day or bring work
home with her, surpassing the allotted overtime hours management
McCoy testified that Joseph “flipped” out and restricted her overtime
hours. She stated she considered quitting, but continued to work because
Vincent told her that because she was a “good worker. . . [he] would take
care of her” by allowing her to work unrecorded overtime hours and
depositing her pay personally.11
For fear that Vincent would not keep his
word, McCoy stated that she kept a log of her hours and showed them to
Vincent every Friday to verify that he would still pay her for her overtime.
She testified that although she continued to work overtime, Vincent failed to
deposit any payments. McCoy stated that after Vincent finally began to
deposit money into her account, he overpaid her for the last deposit. McCoy
testified that she attempted to return the money to Vincent, but was informed

10 McCoy testified that although she was authorized to take payments at the credit
card terminal, she was not able to issue refunds to customers because she did not have an
access code, and would have to ask another employee to help her.
11 McCoy testified that she gave Vincent a voided check so that he would have
her bank and credit card information in order to deposit her overtime pay.
that the amount was accurate because “he was taking care of her for the rest
of the year.”
On December 2, 2020, the jury unanimously found McCoy guilty as
charged. In her post-conviction presentencing memorandum, McCoy, in
support of her plea for leniency, attached 13 character letters. However, in
the State’s sentencing memorandum, it noted that five of the character letters
were forged.12
On December 17, 2020, the sentencing hearing took place.
The trial court concluded:
In 894.1(A), I would note that Ms. McCoy has stolen before.
She has defrauded before. She has already reoffended by
submitting, what appear[s] [sic] to be, forged letters asking for
leniency. So, number one is fulfilled.
Whether the defendant needs confinement, I thought earlier,
before receiving this fraudulent report, presentence report, that
it might be some sort of mental issue, but now it shows, I’m
convinced, that Ms. McCoy has just a lifetime of trying to
defraud people for money. And paragraph three of that section,
a lesser sentence than what I am about to impose would
deprecate the seriousness of the offense.
In connection with 894.1(B), I noticed that the offender was
offered, or has been offered, or given or received, something of
value for the commission of the offense. The offense resulted
in a significant permanent injury or significant economic loss to
Santa Maria Produce. I don’t think they will ever recoup the
money that was stolen from them. The amount of money stolen
was three times the threshold for the $25,000 crime.
And it appears to me that Ms. McCoy is persistently involved,
and has gotten away with a lot of things that have led her to this
time, which include the Social Security fraud, the theft at the
casino. She committed perjury at trial. She committed
defamation by attacking Santa Maria Produce in her stress
journal, and particularly, attempting to make a fool out of the
owners of Santa Maria Produce, which they are not. And she
committed forgery in connection with her filing which may be a

12 The State contacted and confirmed that the following character letters were
forged from the following: 1) Mary Rounds, a retired principal of Caddo Magnet High
School; 2) Dr. Tim Gilmore, a professor at Bossier Parish Community College; 3) Ms.
Julie Anderson, a gymnastics coach at Caddo Magnet High School; 4) Sergeant Carlean
Johnson, a former Air Force recruiter; and 5) Ms. Madeline Fegert, a manager for
Horseshoe Casino.
crime in and of itself. I don’t see any mitigating factors in
894.1(B) that apply to Ms. McCoy. Let me say I have labored
over this case. I couldn’t understand it.
I thought for a while that Ms. McCoy was deranged or
delusional; I was wrong. The defendant has grown up with, and
practiced, deceit, apparently, her whole life. She abused this
Court and 14 jurors for three days. And when she couldn’t fool
the jury, she has tried to fool me with forgery.
The trial court then sentenced McCoy to 15 years at hard labor. This
appeal followed.
On appeal, McCoy presents three assignments of error, each alleging
that the trial court committed several errors and abused its discretion by
imposing a 15-year sentence at hard labor on a first-time offender without
proper consideration of the particular facts and circumstances, resulting in an
unconstitutionally excessive sentence.
Mitigating Factors
First, McCoy argues that her sentence is unconstitutionally excessive,
in part, because the trial court failed to acknowledge or consider the
following mitigating factors of La. C. Cr. P. art. 894.1(B):
(22) The defendant’s criminal conduct neither caused nor
threatened serious harm…
. . .
(27) The defendant has compensated or will compensate the
victim of his criminal conduct for the damage or injury that he
(28) The defendant has no history of prior delinquency or
criminal activity or has led a law-abiding life for a substantial
period of time before the commission of the instant crime.
. . .
(31) The imprisonment of the defendant would entail excessive
hardship to himself or his dependents.
. . .
(33) Any other relevant mitigating circumstance.
McCoy contends that although her actions resulted in monetary loss to
Santa Maria and its owners, the offense committed was a crime against
property, therefore the probability of physical harm or serious bodily injury
did not exist. She notes that she has partially compensated Santa Maria for
the loss when she provided Sgt. Woods with a cashier’s check for
$32,356.52. McCoy argues that she was only 22 years old at the time the
offense was committed, is sole financial provider for her household, and that
absent the offense in question, she has no criminal history, no subsequent
arrests, indictments, charges, or convictions filed against her.
Improper Influence
McCoy further argues that the trial court was unduly influenced by the
unadjudicated other crimes or bad acts provided in the State’s sentencing
memorandum. Specifically, the State alleged the following against McCoy:
1.) The $57,892.09 that the Social Security Administration
determined [McCoy] and her mother wrongfully received
through false assertions of disability.
2.) The apparently unadjudicated theft that [McCoy] committed
at the casino, leading to her firing.
3.) [McCoy] committed [p]erjury (La. R.S. 14:123) at trial.
4.) [McCoy] committed criminal defamation (La. R.S.14:47) by
defaming the Glorioso’s, other employees at Santa Maria
Produce, and other people whom she defamed in her “stress
5.) [McCoy] arguably committed [f]orgery (La. R.S. 14:72) by
submitting false letters for mercy to the [c]ourt. (Note that a
document must be a “writing purporting to have legal efficacy”
to fulfill the forgery statute; but note also that the fact the letters
are not signed does not stop them from being forgeries).
6.) [McCoy] arguably committed [f]iling or [m]aintaining
[f]alse [p]ublic [r]ecords (La. R.S. 14:133) because she knew
that the false letters would be filed for record in a public office
or with a public official.
Based on these allegations, McCoy argues that the trial court, as reflected by
the sentencing colloquy, was unduly influenced by the listed acts when it
In 894.1, I would note that Ms. McCoy has stolen before. She
has defrauded before. She has already reoffended by
submitting, what appear[s] [sic] to be, forged letters asking for
leniency. . .Whether the defendant needs confinement, I thought
earlier, before receiving this fraudulent report, presentence
report, that it might be some sort of mental issue, but now it
shows, I’m convinced, that Ms. McCoy has just a lifetime of
trying to defraud people for money.
. . .
And it appears to me that Ms. McCoy is persistently involved,
and has gotten away with a lot of things that have led her to this
time, which include the Social Security fraud, the theft at the
casino. She committed perjury at trial. She committed
defamation by attacking Santa Maria Produce in her stress
journal, and particularly, attempting to make a fool out of the
owners of Santa Maria Produce, which they are not. And she
committed forgery in connection with her filing which may be a
crime in and of itself.
McCoy asserts that she was never arrested, prosecuted, or had charges
filed against her for any of the State’s purported allegations. In particular,
McCoy notes that the State’s claims of disability fraud are unsupported as
the exhibits concerning the matter were sealed and not made part of the
record. Similarly, she argues that her termination for theft from her former
job at a casino is also unfounded because the acting manager at that time
never filed charges against her.
With respect to the State’s allegations against her for perjury, McCoy
notes that the State failed to specify whether the alleged perjury was
testimonial or resulted from falsified materials tendered to the trial court. If
testimonial, McCoy argues that during trial there are always conflicting
narratives, however, this alone does not necessarily result in perjury. In
acknowledging that providing falsified materials to the trial court was
deplorable, McCoy nevertheless disputes this claim for perjury because she
was not charged, arrested, or prosecuted for the claim.
Impermissible Animus
Finally, McCoy argues that the trial court was impermissibly biased or
reflected animus toward her during sentencing as referenced in the following
She abused this Court and 14 jurors for three days. And when
she couldn’t fool the jury, she has tried to fool me with forgery.
McCoy argues that although proffering false testimony or evidence is
deplorable, her right to present a defense on her behalf is absolute and the
exercise of her right to trial was not an abuse of the court. McCoy argues
that the trial court’s statement did not align with proper trial decorum
expected from an objective, nonbiased trier of fact. She asserts that the trial
court’s statements indicate that it considered her tendering of false
documents as a direct and personal insult and as a result, she was given an
unconstitutionally harsh sentence.
In support of this assertion, McCoy cites State v. Franklin, 42,055
(La. App. 2 Cir. 5/9/07), 956 So. 2d 823, writ denied, 07-1489 (La. 1/11/08),
972 So. 2d 1162. There, the defendant, while employed as a vault teller at a
bank, was charged with two counts of forgery and one count of felony theft
having a value of $120,000 over the course of four months. On appeal, this
Court affirmed the defendant’s sentence of seven years at hard labor, which
was to be served consecutively with both counts for forgery.13

13 Execution of the seven-year sentence was ultimately suspended and the
defendant was placed on supervised probation for five years and ordered to pay
restitution totaling $119,950.
She further cites State v. Jarrett, 53,525 (La. App. 2 Cir. 6/24/20), 299
So. 3d 1202, where the defendant was convicted of theft for a value
exceeding $25,000, in violation of La. R.S. 14:67(B)(1). He was sentenced
to eight years at hard labor with all but the first four years suspended,
followed by three years’ supervised probation conditioned on payment of
restitution of approximately $50,000. McCoy highlights that the trial court
noted that the defendant presented an undue risk if not incarcerated and that
the defendant was belligerent and showed no signs of remorse for his
Finally, she cites State v. Thibodeaux, 20-91 (La. App. 3 Cir. 3/17/21),
313 So. 3d 445, where the defendant, employed as the clerk of court in
Iberia Parish, was charged with a 14-count bill of indictment, which
included three counts of felony theft, with each having a value exceeding
McCoy notes that although one count of felony theft was
vacated, the defendant was only sentenced to five years at hard labor,
suspended, with three years’ supervised probation. Given the trend of
sentences in the aforementioned cases and that her offense is not one of
violence, McCoy argues that her 15-year sentence is excessive.
In contrast, the State argues that the cases cited are factually different
than the present case. According to the State, none of the cited cases
involved a situation in which the defendant attempted to deceive the trial
court by filing falsified, forged letters for sentencing consideration.

14 In addition to the three charges of theft, the defendant’s other charges included
racketeering, filing or maintaining false public records, perjury, and malfeasance in
Appellate review of sentences for excessiveness is a two-prong
inquiry. Under the first prong, the record must show that the trial court
considered the factors in La. C. Cr. P. art. 894.1. The primary goal of La. C.
Cr. P. art. 894.1 is for the court to articulate the factual basis for the sentence
imposed, and not simply mechanical compliance with its provisions.
However, where the record reflects that the trial judge adequately considered
the guidelines of the article, then he is not required to list every aggravating
or mitigating circumstance. State v. Smith, 433 So. 2d 688 (La. 1983); State
v. DeBerry, 50,501 (La. App. 2 Cir. 4/13/16), 194 So. 3d 657, writ
denied, 16-0959 (La. 5/1/17), 219 So. 3d 332.
Where the record clearly shows an adequate factual basis for the
sentence imposed, remand is unnecessary even where there has not been full
compliance with La. C. Cr. P. art. 894.1. State v. Lanclos, 419 So. 2d 475
(La. 1982); State v. DeBerry, supra. In sentencing, the important elements
which should be considered are the defendant’s personal history (age,
familial ties, marital status, health, employment record), prior criminal
record, seriousness of the offense, and the likelihood of rehabilitation. State
v. Jones, 398 So. 2d 1049 (La. 1981); State v. DeBerry, supra. There is no
requirement that specific matters be given any particular weight during
sentencing. State v. DeBerry, supra; State v. Shumaker, 41,547 (La. App. 2
Cir. 12/13/06), 945 So. 2d 277, writ denied, 07-0144 (La. 9/28/07), 964 So.
2d 351.
Next, under the second prong of the analysis, the court must
determine whether the sentence is constitutionally excessive. A sentence
violates La. Const. art. I, § 20, if it is grossly out of proportion to the
seriousness of the offense or nothing more than a purposeless and needless
infliction of pain and suffering. State v. Dorthey, 623 So. 2d 1276 (La.
1993); State v. Mandigo, 48,801 (La. App. 2 Cir. 2/26/14), 136 So. 3d 292,
writ denied, 14-0630 (La. 10/24/14), 151 So. 3d 600. A sentence is
considered grossly disproportionate if, when the crime and punishment are
viewed in light of the harm done to society, it shocks the sense of justice.
State v. Weaver, 01-0467 (La. 1/15/02), 805 So. 2d 166; State v. Hollins,
50,069 (La. App. 2 Cir. 8/12/15), 174 So. 3d 710.
When determining whether a defendant’s sentence is excessive, a
reviewing court should compare the defendant’s punishment with the
sentences imposed for similar crimes by the same court or other courts.
State v. Johnston, 50,706 (La. App. 2 Cir. 6/22/16), 198 So. 3d 151, writ
granted on other grounds, 16-1460 (La. 6/5/17), 221 So. 3d 46; State v.
Ferguson, 44,009 (La. App. 2 Cir. 2/25/09), 4 So. 3d 315.
A trial court maintains wide discretion to sentence within the statutory
limits. Absent a showing of manifest abuse of such discretion, a sentence
will not be set aside as excessive. Upon review, an appellate court does not
determine whether another sentence may have been more appropriate, but
whether the trial court abused its discretion. State v. Davis, 50,149 (La.
App. 2 Cir. 11/18/15), 181 So. 3d 200; State v. Weaver, supra. Regarding
theft, La. R.S. 14:67(B)(1) provides:
Whoever commits the crime of theft when the misappropriation
or taking amounts to a value of twenty-five thousand dollars or
more shall be imprisoned at hard labor for not more than twenty
years, or may be fined not more than fifty thousand dollars, or
Here, we find that the record reflects that the sentencing court appropriately
sentenced McCoy given the facts and circumstances of this case.
Although McCoy claims that the trial court failed to consider certain
mitigating factors as provided in La. C. Cr. P. art. 894.1(B), we find that the
trial court specifically stated in its sentencing order that it did not “see any
mitigating factors in 894.1(B) that apply to McCoy.” The trial court did not
fail to consider or acknowledge these factors; rather it found that they were
inapplicable to this case, instead, referencing its consideration of the
mitigating factors. Specifically, the trial court stated that before the
sentencing hearing took place, it labored over this case and that it reviewed
both the State’s sentencing memorandum as well as McCoy’s, which
detailed the mitigating factors brought on appeal.
McCoy further claims that the trial court was improperly influenced
by the allegations in the State’s sentencing memorandum. This Court has
previously held that “[i]n the absence of allegations of mistake or falsehood,
evidence of uncharged offenses is admissible and is a valid factor for
consideration in sentencing.” See State v. Moton, 46,607 (La. App. 2 Cir.
9/21/11), 73 So. 3d 503, writ denied, 2011-2288 (La. 3/30/12), 85 So. 3d
113; State v. Emerson, 31,408 (La. App. 2 Cir. 12/9/98), 722 So. 2d 373,
writ denied, 99-1518 (La. 10/15/99), 748 So. 2d 470. Accordingly, although
there are no formal charges or convictions filed against McCoy for the listed
allegations, the trial court was nevertheless permitted to consider and even
rely upon this information during sentencing. Id.
Finally, McCoy argues that the trial court displayed impermissible
animus during sentencing. This Court acknowledges that while the trial
court’s statement that McCoy “abused [the] Court and [the]14 jurors for
three days” may have been poorly worded, we nevertheless find that the trial
court’s statement was directed toward McCoy’s action, rather than her
Although this is a nonviolent offense and McCoy is a first-time
offender, we find that given the unique circumstances surrounding this case,
the trial court did not abuse its discretion in sentencing McCoy. McCoy’s
sentence is not constitutionally excessive and is well supported by the

Outcome: For the aforementioned reasons, McCoy’s conviction and sentence are

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