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Date: 11-22-2023

Case Style:

Howard Friedman v. Denis McDonough

Case Number: 1:23-cv-00507

Judge: Dan Aaron Polster

Court: United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio (Cuyahoga County)

Plaintiff's Attorney:

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Defendant's Attorney: Ruchi V. Asher, Sara E. DeCaro

Description: Cleveland, Ohio civil rights lawyer represented the Plaintiff who sued the Defendant on a 42:2000e Job Discrimination (Employment) theory.

"Here is a summary of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. §§ 2000e et seq.), also known as the Equal Employment Opportunity Act (EEO Act):

What is Title VII?

Title VII is a federal law in the United States that prohibits employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, and national origin. It was enacted in 1964 during the Civil Rights Movement.

What does Title VII prohibit?

Title VII prohibits a wide range of employment discrimination practices, including:

Refusal to hire: Employers cannot refuse to hire an applicant because of their race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
Discrimination in terms and conditions of employment: Employers cannot discriminate against an employee in hiring, firing, promotion, compensation, or other terms and conditions of employment because of their race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
Harassment: Employers cannot create or tolerate a hostile work environment for employees based on their race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
Retaliation: Employers cannot retaliate against employees for filing a charge of discrimination or for participating in an investigation of discrimination.

Who does Title VII protect?

Title VII protects all employees, including temporary, part-time, and contract workers. It also protects job applicants and former employees.

Who enforces Title VII?

Title VII is enforced by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). The EEOC investigates charges of discrimination and, if it finds that discrimination has occurred, it may take action to enforce the law, including filing a lawsuit in federal court.

What are the remedies for Title VII discrimination?

If an individual is successful in proving a claim for discrimination under Title VII, they may be entitled to a number of remedies, including:

Back pay: Back pay is the wages that an individual would have earned if they had not been discriminated against.
Front pay: Front pay is the wages that an individual is expected to earn in the future if they are unable to find a job due to discrimination.
Reinstatement: Reinstatement is the right of an individual to be reinstated to their job after being discriminated against.
Injunctive relief: Injunctive relief is a court order that prohibits the defendant from continuing to discriminate against the individual.
Compensatory damages: Compensatory damages are damages that are intended to compensate the individual for the harm that they have suffered as a result of the discrimination.
Punitive damages: Punitive damages are damages that are intended to punish the defendant for their reckless or willful conduct.


Title VII is a vital law that protects the rights of millions of American workers. It has helped to create a more fair and equitable workplace for all. If you believe that you have been discriminated against in the workplace, you should take action to protect your rights."

Google Bard

Outcome: 11/22/2023 22 Proposed Stipulation of Dismissal filed by Howard Friedman. (Neel, David) (Entered: 11/22/2023)
11/22/2023 23 Marginal Order of Dismissal with Prejudice, with each party to bear its own costs and attorneys' fees. (Related document 22 ). Signed by Judge Dan Aaron Polster on 11/22/2023. (K,K) (Entered: 11/22/2023)

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