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Date: 06-06-2021

Case Style:


Case Number: 5-20-32

Judge: William Zimmerman


Plaintiff's Attorney: Phillip A. Riegle

Defendant's Attorney:

Lima, OH Criminal Defense Lawyer Directory


Lima, OH - Criminal defense attorney represented Cornelius Patterson, Jr. with four counts including: Count One of aggravated murder; Count Two of aggravated burglary; Count Three of improperly discharging firearm at or into a habitation; and Count Four of tampering with evidence charges.

On October 27, 2009, the Hancock County Grand Jury indicted
Patterson on four counts including: Count One of aggravated murder in violation
of R.C. 2903.01(B), an unclassified felony; Count Two of aggravated burglary in
violation of R.C. 2911.11(A)(1), a first-degree felony; Count Three of improperly
discharging firearm at or into a habitation in violation of R.C. 2923.161(A)(1), a
second-degree felony; and Count Four of tampering with evidence in violation of
R.C. 2921.12(A)(1), a third-degree felony. (Doc. No. 1). The indictment included
firearm specifications as to Counts One, Two, and Three under R.C. 2941.145. (Id.).
{¶4} The case proceeded to a jury trial on February 8-11 and 14-15, 2011.
(Doc. Nos. 165, 170). On February 15, 2011, the jury found Patterson guilty of
Counts One, Two, Three, and Four and the specifications as to Counts One, Two,
and Three. (Doc. Nos. 158, 159, 160, 161). The trial court filed its judgment entry Case No. 5-20-32
of conviction on March 17, 2011. (170.). On April 21, 2011, the trial court
sentenced Patterson to 30 years to life in prison as to Count One, a mandatory term
of three years in prison as to the firearm specification in Count One, and a four-year
prison term as to Count Four for an aggregate prison term of 37 years to life. (Doc.
No. 172). For purposes of sentencing, the trial court merged Counts One, Two and
Three. (Id.). The trial court filed its judgment entry of sentence on April 27, 2011.

{¶5} On December 26, 2018 and February 14, 2019, Patterson entered his
notices of appearance as counsel, pro se, pursuant to State v. Gibson, 45 Ohio St.2d
366 (1976) and Faretta v. California, 422 U.S. 806, 95 S.Ct. 2525 (1975). (Doc.
Nos. 283, 284). Thereafter, Patterson filed motions in the trial court to correct a
void judgment and to waive payment of a deposit and the imposition of court
(Doc. Nos. 285, 286). The State filed its memorandum in opposition to
Patterson’s motion to correct a void judgment. (Doc. Nos. 287, 288).
{¶6} The trial court granted Patterson’s motion to correct a void judgment
and scheduled a video-conferenced-resentencing hearing under R.C. 2929.191(C).3

This court recited much of the factual and procedural background of this case in previous appeals, and we
will not duplicate those efforts here. See State v. Patterson, 3d Dist. Hancock No. 05-11-15, 2012-Ohio2839; State v. Patterson, Case No. 05-18-24 (which was voluntarily dismissed on December 20, 2018 upon
Patterson’s pro se motion). 2
The trial court granted Patterson’s motion to waive payment of deposit and imposition of court costs/fees
on October 22, 2019. (Doc. No. 308).
Arrangements were made to permit Patterson to participate in the hearing via video-conference equipment
from the Marion Correctional Institution. (See Doc. No. 290). Case No. 5-20-32
(Doc. Nos. 290, 291). Thereafter, and on May 13, 2019, Patterson filed a motion to
be personally present for the R.C. 2929.191(C) hearing “and to consult with counsel
of giving statement [sic] to impose the postrelease control sanction”, which was
overruled by the trial court. (Doc. Nos. 292, 293, 298). The resentencing hearing
occurred by video on June 27, 2019. (June 27, 2019 Tr. 1-34); (Doc. No. 312).
{¶7} On June 28, 2019, Patterson filed a motion for acquittal citing Crim.R.
29 arguing that there is insufficient evidence to support his convictions. (Doc. No.
294). The State filed a memorandum in opposition to Patterson’s motion. (Doc.
No. 297).
{¶8} On August 29, 2019, the trial court journalized its judgment entry of
correction of postrelease-control notification. (Doc. No. 298). Patterson filed a
notice of appeal on September 25, 2019 raising one assignment of error alleging that
the trial court erred by failing to inquire and determine whether Patterson had
changed his mind (as to self-representation) in open court at the video-conferenced
resentencing hearing. (Doc. No. 301). While Patterson’s appeal was pending, the
trial court denied Patterson’s motion for acquittal on November 18, 2019. (Doc.
No. 311).
{¶9} Ultimately, we reversed the judgment of the trial court on April 13,
2020 and remanded the matter to the trial court for further proceedings consistent Case No. 5-20-32
with our opinion. See State v. Patterson, 3d Dist. Hancock No. 5-19-34, 2020-Ohio1437.
{¶10} Upon remand, the trial court scheduled the matter for a video
conferenced 2929.191(C) hearing in June 2020.4
(Doc. No. 315). Patterson filed a
motion to appear (personally) for the June hearing, which the trial court granted.5

(Doc. Nos. 318, 321).
{¶11} On August 3, 2020, Patterson filed a second motion for acquittal under
Crim.R. 29 identical to the motion he filed on June 28, 2019. (Doc. No. 325). (See
Doc. No. 294).
{¶12} However, on September 30, 2020, the trial court issued its judgment
entry dismissing Patterson’s motion to correct a void judgment determining that, in
light of the Ohio Supreme Court’s decision in State v. Harper, 160 Ohio St.3d 480,
2020-Ohio-2913, a hearing was no longer necessary because Patterson’s motion was
dismissed on the basis that it was now barred by the doctrine of res judicata. (Doc.
No. 330). (See Doc. No. 290). The trial court then filed a second judgment entry

At all times relevant to our remand order, Patterson’s appellate counsel was acting also as trial counsel on
remand. (See Doc. Nos. 315, 318, 321, 322). While the trial court’s record contained no formal appointment
notice, the trial court entertained motions filed by Patterson’s counsel of record and served his counsel of
record for all scheduled hearing notices. (Id.). Notably, Patterson did begin filing pro se motions without
his counsel (whom the trial court served on the judgment entry ordering the date by which the memorandum
in opposition was due) and later his counsel of record sought leave to withdraw (which the trial court granted).
(Doc. Nos. 324, 325, 326, 327, 328).
The trial court then vacated the June hearing, rescheduled the matter for September 17, 2020, and issued a
judgment entry ordering the Hancock County Sheriff to convey Patterson for said hearing. (Doc. Nos. 321,
322). Case No. 5-20-32
the same day denying Patterson’s second motion for acquittal. (Doc. No. 331). (See
Doc. No. 325).
{¶13} Patterson filed his notice of appeal on October 23, 2020 raising two
assignments of error for our review, which we will address separately.6
(Doc. No.
Assignment of Error I
The Trial Court erred and failed to follow this Court’s Mandate
when it sua sponte dismissed Mr. Patterson’s motion to correct a
void sentence after already having granted the motion and
conducted a re-sentencing without the benefit of counsel.
{¶14} In his first assignment of error, Patterson argues that the law-of-thecase doctrine from Patterson’s 2020 appeal should be controlling. Specifically,
Patterson argues that the trial court erred by failing to conduct a 2929.191(C)
hearing on remand.
Standard of Review
{¶15} Res judicata is defined as “[a] valid, final judgment rendered upon the
merits [which] bars all subsequent actions based upon any claim arising out of the
transaction or occurrence that was the subject matter of the previous action.” Grava
v. Parkman Twp., 73 Ohio St.3d 379, 1995-Ohio-331, syllabus. “The doctrine of res
judicata involves both claim preclusion (historically called estoppel by judgment in

Patterson does not challenge the denial of his second motion for acquittal. (See Doc. Nos. 325, 331, 332). Case No. 5-20-32
Ohio) and issue preclusion (traditionally known as collateral estoppel).” Id. at 381.
Claim preclusion “prevents a party from litigating a cause of action after a prior
court has rendered a final judgment on the merits of that cause as to that party.”
Krahn v. Kinney, 43 Ohio St.3d 103, 107 (1989), citing Norwood v. McDonald, 142
Ohio St. 299 (1943), paragraph one of the syllabus, overruled in part on other
grounds, Grava at syllabus. Issue preclusion “precludes the relitigation of an issue
that has been ‘actually and necessarily litigated and determined in a prior action.”’
Id., quoting Goodson v. McDonough Power Equipment, Inc., 2 Ohio St.3d 193, 195
(1983). Similarly, the law-of-the-case doctrine states “legal questions resolved by
a reviewing court in a prior appeal remain the law of that case for any subsequent
proceedings at both the trial and appellate levels.” Giancola v. Azem, 153 Ohio
St.3d 594, 2018-Ohio-1694, ¶ 1, citing Nolan v. Nolan, 11 Ohio St.3d 1, 3 (1984).
{¶16} The law-of-the-case doctrine “precludes a litigant from attempting to
rely on arguments at a retrial which were fully pursued, or available to be pursued,
in a first appeal.” (Emphasis added.) Hubbard ex rel. Creed v. Sauline, 74 Ohio
St.3d 402, 404-405 (1996), citing Beifuss v. Westerville Bd. of Edn., 37 Ohio St.3d
187, 191 (1988) and Hawley v. Ritley, 35 Ohio St.3d 157, 161 (1988). “New
arguments are subject to issue preclusion, and are barred.” Id. at 405. And, if the
Supreme Court “refuses jurisdiction following the issuance of an opinion by a court
of appeals, the court of appeals opinion becomes the law of the case.” Id., citing Case No. 5-20-32
Transamerica Ins. Co. v. Nolan, 72 Ohio St.3d 320 (1995). The rule is necessary to
ensure consistency of results in a case, to avoid endless litigation by settling the
issues, and to preserve the structure of superior and inferior courts as designed by
the Ohio Constitution. Hopkins v. Dyer, 104 Ohio St.3d 461, 2004-Ohio-6769, ¶
15, citing State ex rel. Potain v. Mathews, 59 Ohio St.2d 29, 32 (1979). See
Giancola at ¶ 14, citing Hopkins at ¶ 15. See also Section 3(B)(2), Article IV of the
Ohio Constitution.
{¶17} The law of the case is considered a rule of practice, not a binding rule
of substantive law. Hubbard at 404; Nolan at 3. Res judicata, on the other hand, is
a substantive rule of law that applies to a final judgment. (Emphasis added.)
Hopkins at ¶ 22, citing Gohman v. St. Bernard, 111 Ohio St. 726, 730 and 733
(1924), overruled in part on other grounds, New York Life Ins. Co. v. Hosbrook,
130 Ohio St. 101 (1935), paragraph two of the syllabus, and Hart Steel Co. v. RR.
Supply Co., 244 U.S. 294, 299, 37 S.Ct. 506, (1917) (concluding res judicata is “not
a mere matter of practice or procedure”).
{¶18} The Supreme Court of Ohio has previously explained that “the Ohio
Constitution ‘does not grant a court of common pleas jurisdiction to review a prior
mandate of the court of appeals.’” Giancola at ¶ 15, citing State ex rel. Cordray v.
Marshall, 123 Ohio St.3d 229, 2009-Ohio-4986, ¶ 32, quoting State ex rel. Potain
at 32. See App.R. 27 (“A certified copy of the judgment shall constitute aCase No. 5-20-32
mandate.”); S.Ct.Prac.R. 18.04(C); R.C. 2505.39 (“a court that reverses * * * [a]
judgment of a lower court upon appeal * * * shall send a special mandated to the
lower court for execution or further proceedings. The court to which such mandate
is sent shall proceed as if the * * * judgment * * * had been rendered in it.”). When,
on remand, a trial court is confronted with substantially the same facts and issues as
were involved in a prior appeal, the trial court is bound to adhere to the appellate
court’s determination of the applicable law absent extraordinary circumstances.
Nolan at ¶ 3; State ex rel. Pontain at 32, (noting that an example of an extraordinary
circumstance “would be where a holding of the Court of Appeals is inconsistent
with an intervening decision by [the Supreme Court of Ohio].”). An intervening
change of law by a controlling authority creates an exception to the applicability of
the law-of-the-case doctrine. (Emphasis added.) Hopkins at ¶ 23. The intervening
decision must state a rule of law in conflict with the appellate court’s decision.
(Emphasis added.) State ex rel. Crandall, Pheils & Wisniewski v. DeCessna, 73
Ohio St.3d 180, 183 (1995). Whether the law-of-the-case doctrine applies is a
question of law. Glasstetter v. Rehab. Servs. Comm., 10th Dist. No. 13AP-932,
2014-Ohio-3014, ¶ 27, citing DeAscentisi v. Margello, 10th Dist. No. 08AP-522,
2008-Ohio-6821, ¶ 12. We review questions of law under a de novo standard of
review on appeal. See Giancola at ¶ 13. Case No. 5-20-32
{¶19} Notably, our reversal and remand of Patterson’s 2020 appeal was
necessitated by the trial court’s error in failing to inquire as to whether Patterson
was abandoning self-representation, and thus seeking appointment of counsel for
his R.C. 2929.191(C) hearing. Patterson, 2020-Ohio-1437, ¶ 19. Once the trial
court scheduled the R.C. 2929.191(C) hearing and permitted Patterson’s appointed
appellate counsel to act as trial counsel, we conclude that the trial court had
complied with our remand order. (See Doc. Nos. 315, 318, 321, 322, 324, 325, 326,
327, 328, 329). When we reversed the trial court in the 2020 appeal and issued a
remand order, the parties were placed in the position of being back before the trial
court prior to its error. See Giancola at ¶ 21, citing State ex rel. Douglas v. Burlew,
106 Ohio St.3d 180, 2005-Ohio-4382, ¶ 11. That is—inquiring as to whether
Patterson desired to be represented by counsel or engage in self-representation for
the R.C. 2929.191(C) hearing. Importantly, the trial court complied with our
remand order by ensuring Patterson had counsel if he so desired.
{¶20} While we recognize that the Ohio Supreme Court’s holding in Harper
“realign[ing] [its] jurisprudence with the traditional understanding of void and
voidable sentences,” represents a clarification and return to stare decisis, it is also
an intervening decision by a superior court, undoubtedly an extraordinary
circumstance. Harper, 160 Ohio St.3d 480, 2020-Ohio-2913, at ¶ 43. See Nolan at Case No. 5-20-32
3. Nevertheless, we conclude Harper is not in conflict with the case at bar. And
since the trial court complied with our remand order, and because we have
concluded that the Harper decision is not in conflict with our remand order, the lawof-the-case doctrine does not apply here. See Nolan at 3. Put more plainly—since
the trial court complied with our remand order, it was free to address Harper and its
applicability to the facts.7
Importantly, Harper obviated the need for a further R.C.
2929.191(C) hearing.
{¶21} Moreover, even if we were to assume without deciding that the trial
court erred in not convening the R.C. 2929.191(C) hearing post-remand, Patterson
has not alleged or demonstrated any prejudice nor can we glean any prejudice he
would suffer from our review of the record since the trial court would still have to
follow Harper, as an intervening clarification of the law by a controlling authority.
(Emphasis added.) See Hopkins, 404 Ohio St.3d 461, 2004-Ohio-6769, at ¶ 23.
{¶22} Accordingly, we overrule Patterson’s first assignment of error.
Assignment of Error II
The Ohio Supreme Court’s prior void/voidable doctrine was
loosely predicated on the unspecific notion that the “our authority
to sentence in criminal cases is limited by the people through the
Ohio Constitution…” State v. Henderson, 2020-Ohio-4784, ¶ 45,
fn. 2. Yet, here the original sentence is in fact in excess of

Patterson also argues that res judicata cannot be applied retroactively since such an application would create
far more confusion as to void and voidable judgments. (Appellant’s Brief at 5). Besides a cursory discussion,
Patterson advances no argument in support of his contention nor did he cite to any portion of the record.
Considering Patterson did not take the time to support his argument even in the most basic of terms under
App.R. 16(A)(7), we decline to address Patterson’s averment as it relates to his retroactivity claim under
App.R. 12(A)(2) under this assignment of error. Case No. 5-20-32
statutory authority and is thereby void, rather than voidable
under Sect. 16 and 9, Art. I of the Ohio Constitution.
{¶23} In his second assignment of error, Patterson argues that the trial court
erred by determining that his motion to correct void judgment was now “voidable”
pursuant to the Ohio Supreme Court’s holding in State v. Harper, 160 Ohio St.3d
480, 2020-Ohio-2913, and thus dismissing his motion. Specifically, Patterson
argues that the trial court’s application of Harper under the facts presented is errant
because Patterson’s sentence is contrary to law (i.e., in excess of statutory
authority), and thus void.
Standard of Review
{¶24} Under R.C. 2953.08(G)(2), an appellate court will reverse a sentence
“only if it determines by clear and convincing evidence that the record does not
support the trial court’s findings under relevant statutes or that the sentence is
otherwise contrary to law.” State v. Marcum, 146 Ohio St.3d 516, 2016-Ohio-1002,
¶ 1. Clear and convincing evidence is that “‘which will produce in the mind of the
trier of facts a firm belief or conviction as to the facts sought to be established.’” Id.
at ¶ 22, quoting Cross v. Ledford, 161 Ohio St. 469 (1954), paragraph three of the
syllabus. Case No. 5-20-32
{¶25} Appellate court review of a felony sentence under R.C. 2953.08(G)(2)
was recently clarified by the Supreme Court of Ohio. See State v. Jones, ___Ohio
St.3d ___, 2020-Ohio-6729, ¶ 39.8
Under R.C. 2953.08(G)(2)(b),
‘[a] sentence is contrary to law when it does not fall within the
statutory range for the offense or if the trial court fails to consider the
purposes and principles of felony sentencing set forth in R.C. 2929.11
and the sentencing factors set forth in R.C. 2929.12.’
State v. Miller, 3d Dist. Marion No. 9-20-14, 2021-Ohio-640, ¶ 12, quoting State v.
Dorsey, 2d Dist. Montgomery No. 28747, 2021-Ohio-76, ¶ 18, citing State v.
Brown, 2d Dist. No. 2016-CA-53, 2017-Ohio-8416, ¶ 74 and State v. D-Bey, 8th
Dist. Cuyahoga No. 109000, 2021-Ohio-60, ¶ 65. Compare State v. Stansell, 8th
Dist. 109023, 2021-Ohio-203, ¶ 29-32 (differentiating Stansell from Harper and
Henderson on the basis that “Stansell [] is serving more time than what was
statutorily permitted at the time he was indicted and sentenced.”). The Supreme
Court of Ohio has recognized that “contrary to law” within the context of judicial
actions that are subject to collateral attack as void are those actions that are “‘not in
accordance with statutorily mandated terms’”, and thus those actions were “‘limited
only by the number of statutes mandating that a court act in a specific way and the
creativity of the attorney challenging the court’s action.’” State v. Henderson, 161

We recently recognized that Jones “‘does not change the law’” but instead “‘clarifies existing law and
precedents.’” State v. Miller, 3d Dist. Marion No. 9-20-14, 2021-Ohio-640, ¶ 11, fn. 4, quoting State v.
Roberts, 5th Dist. Richland No. 2020 CA 0035, 2021-Ohio-90, ¶ 81, fn. 2. Case No. 5-20-32
Ohio St.3d 285, 2020-Ohio-4784, ¶ 24, citing In re J.S., 136 Ohio St.3d 8, 2013-
Ohio-1721, ¶ 18 (Lanzinger, J. dissenting), quoting State v. Fisher, 128 Ohio St.3d
92, 2010-Ohio-6238, ¶ 8, overruled, Harper, 160 Ohio St.3d 480, 2020-Ohio-2913,
at paragraph one of the syllabus. The Supreme Court in Henderson acknowledged
that even though Harper “did not involve a scenario in which a trial court deviated
from a statutory mandate” as in the instant case (i.e., an error in Patterson’s
postrelease-control notification is a deviation from the statutory mandate, a fact the
parties do not dispute), it nonetheless held that
sentences based on an error are voidable, if the trial court imposing
the sentence has jurisdiction over the case and the defendant,
including sentences in which the trial court fails to impose a
statutorily mandated term. A sentence is void only if the sentencing
court lacks jurisdiction over the subject matter of the case or personal
jurisdiction over the accused.

(Emphasis added.) Henderson at ¶ 27. The Supreme Court of Ohio further
elaborated as to
the difference between a void judgment and a voidable judgment and
the rationale behind the distinction. The question simply turns on
whether the court had jurisdiction over the subject matter and the
person. Id. at 492[]. A void judgment is rendered by a court without
jurisdiction. It is a mere nullity and can be disregarded. It can be
attacked in collateral proceedings. Id. at 494[]. A voidable judgment
is one pronounced by a court with jurisdiction. The Tari court
reiterated that unless it is vacated on appeal, a voidable judgment has
the force of a valid legal judgment, regardless of whether it is right or
wrong. Id. The failure to timely—at the earliest available
opportunity—assert an error in a voidable judgment, even if that error
is constitutional in nature, amounts to the forfeiture of any objection.
Id. at 495[]. Case No. 5-20-32
(Emphasis added.) Henderson at ¶ 17, quoting Tari v. State, 117 Ohio St. 481, 495
(1927). Compare Stansell at ¶ 29 (concluding Stansell’s sentence implicated a
constitutional right, and thus is implicitly contrary to law (i.e., a sentence in excess
of the statutory range) rendering it void and subject to collateral attack.).
{¶26} Because Patterson did not challenge whether the prison terms imposed
by the trial court in this case are within the statutory range or whether the trial court
considered the statutory factors as to his original sentence arising from the judgment
entry of sentence on April 27, 2011, under Jones we could not conclude that
Patterson’s sentence is clearly and convincingly contrary to law.9
See State v. Burks,
2d Dist. Clark No. 2019-CA-70, 2021-Ohio-224, ¶ 9, (“Under Jones, this ends the
inquiry regarding the individual sentences.”); see also, D-Bey at ¶ 75, citing Jones
at ¶ 39. See also Patterson, 2012-Ohio-2839, at ¶ 91-93 (concluding that Patterson
did not contend on appeal that the trial court’s sentence is contrary to law, but rather
that his sentence was unsupported by the record.).10
{¶27} Here, the trial court has subject-matter jurisdiction and personal
jurisdiction over Patterson’s felony case.11 See Article IV, Section 4(A), Ohio

Notably, Patterson was sentenced on April 21, 2011, and we previously concluded that the prior versions
of R.C. 2929.14(A)(3) and R.C. 2929.14(D)(1)(a)(ii) (eff. Apr. 7, 2009) applied in his case. See Patterson,
2012-Ohio-2839, ¶ 93, fn. 2.
10 Jones represents yet another intervening clarification of the law by a controlling authority, which would
constitute an extraordinary circumstance in the history of Patterson’s case. (Emphasis added.) See Hopkins,
404 Ohio St.3d 461, 2004-Ohio-6769, at ¶ 23.
11 Indeed, Patterson is still serving out his sentence as to Count One. (See Doc. Nos. 172, 290, 321, 322). Case No. 5-20-32
Constitution; R.C. 2931.03; State v. Harper, 160 Ohio St.3d 480, 2020-Ohio-2913,
¶ 25, quoting Smith v. Sheldon, 157 Ohio St.3d 1, 2019-Ohio-1677, ¶ 8 (“[A]
common pleas court has subject-matter jurisdiction over felony cases.”); State v.
Henderson, 161 Ohio St.3d 285, 2020-Ohio-4784, at ¶ 36, citing Tari v. State, 117
Ohio St. 481, 490 (1927); State v. Thompson, 3d Dist. Marion No. 9-20-19, 2021-
Ohio-642, ¶ 13, citing State v. Hudson, 161 Ohio St.3d 166, 2020-Ohio-3849, ¶ 11.
Moreover, the nature of the sentencing error (i.e., an error in Patterson’s postreleasecontrol notification) Patterson raises renders his sentence voidable, not void.
Harper at ¶ 5-6; Henderson at ¶ 27. Thus, Patterson’s sentence could only be
challenged by virtue of an objection at sentencing or on direct appeal, not through a
postconviction motion. See Harper at ¶ 41-43; Henderson at ¶ 27, 40, 43; State v.
Greene, 3d Dist. Crawford No. 3-20-06, 2020-Ohio-5133, ¶ 13; State v. Owens, 3d
Dist. Crawford Nos. 3-19-16 and 3-19-17, 2020-Ohio-5573, ¶ 17.
{¶28} Because Patterson could have, but failed to raise the issue related to
his postrelease-control notification in his direct appeal, res judicata bars his claim.
Harper at ¶ 43; Henderson at ¶ 19, citing State v. Perry, 10 Ohio St.2d 175 (1967);
Green at ¶ 13; Owens at ¶ 17. See Patterson, 2012-Ohio-2839. Therefore, we
conclude that the September 30, 2020 judgment entry of the Hancock County Court
of Common Pleas dismissing Patterson’s motion on the basis that it was barred by
the doctrine of res judicata is appropriate. Case No. 5-20-32
{¶29} Accordingly, Patterson’s second assignment of error is overruled.

Outcome: Having found no error prejudicial to the appellant herein in the
particulars assigned and argued, we affirm the judgment of the trial court.

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